Conjunctivitis is inflammation of the outermost layer of your eye and the inner surface of your eyelids.
What causes it?
It is caused by an infection either by a virus or a bacteria or it can occur as a result of an allergic reaction, or you can get some nasty substance like a chemical in your eye.
How do you know that you have got it?
Three main things happen:
- the surface of your eye becomes red
- the surface of your eye becomes itchy and you want to rub your eye to get rid of the itch (irritation)
- your eyes water
What you can do about it
In about 2 out of 3 cases, the conjunctivitis will go away by itself without treatment. If you think it is due to an allergy, then pouring cold water over you face and eyes may help, but there are also medicines that help so you can check at your chemists or with your family doctor because sometimes, if the conjunctivitis is due to bacteria you may need antibiotic drops. If you think that you have got something nasty in your eye that is causing the irritation, like a chemical, then before doing anything check with a doctor quickly and do not rub your eyes.