What is it?
Asperger syndrome is a form of autism (see autism) but children with it have at least average intelligence. Children with this problem have repeated behaviours where they do the same thing again and again. They also can have a rather limited number of things that they interested in. Their language and ability to understand things is, on the whole O.K.
How do you know if you have it?
Asperger syndrome is a kind of 'hidden problem' where you can't really tell from outward appearances that someone has it. But children with Aspergers have difficulties with three main things:
- Being able to communicate normally
- Being able to interact in social situations
- Being empathetic, which is understanding how others may feel themselves
It is most commonly recognised when children are aged between 4 and 11 years old though parents of children with Asperger syndrome often say that they knew there was some kind of problem when they were around 2 ½ years of age.
How does having Aspergers affect a child’s life?
With the right support and encouragement, children with Asperger syndrome can lead full, normal and independent lives.
What causes it?
No one really knows the answer to this but it may be inherited in the genes
What can be done to help?
Most children with Asperger Syndrome improve as they get older and some people think that it should just be considered as a kind of normal behaviour rather than as a problem which needs fixing.